Сообщение

DOI:10.31854/1813-324X-2020-6-2-60-78

Pantenkov D.orcid-id
A Methodological Approach to Integrated Effectiveness Assessment Apply of Aviation Systems with UAVs. Part 1. Evaluation Methods for Effectiveness of Solving Radio Communication and Remote Monitoring Tasks.Журнала ТУЗС - Том 6, №2, 2020

  • Abstract: Currently, the use of aviation systems with unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) of various classes and special purposes has gained particular relevance and practical importance in the interests of both special customers and civilians. Modern UAVs are used both individually and as part of a group, they can carry several target loads on board simultaneously, they are built on various physical principles: a multifunctional optoelectronic system, a digital aerial system, an airborne radar station, a radio and electronic reconnaissance system, and a system communications for transmitting data from target loads (sensors) to a mobile device (for example, a tablet) to a remote subscriber, etc. However, the question of determining the effectiveness of solving both individual UAV targets and finding an integrated assessment of the effectiveness of using aviation complexes with UAVs when solving a set of targets (sequentially or sequentially-in parallel in time) taking into account their priority and a number of other factors. This article structurally consists of three parts. In the first part, we can observe a scientific and methodological approach to determining the effectiveness of solving particular communication targets and remote monitoring by a complex with UAVs according to the probability of their solution is developed. In the framework of this approach, a mathematical apparatus has been developed for the functional dependence of the probabilities of solving particular target problems with the design parameters of target loads as part of the UAV, taking into account the peculiarities of its functioning and under the conditions of existing limitations and assumptions. The scientific and methodological approach allows already at the stage of the formation of the tactical and technical task for the complex with UAVs to obtain, using the calculation method, quantitative estimates of the probabilities of solving particular targets taking into account the technical backlog of industrial enterprises for key components of the complex (target loads, communications equipment complex, etc.). The methodological apparatus developed in the article is universal and invariant with respect to input parameters, i.e., the number of tasks to be solved, the stages of operation of the complex with UAVs, and can be easily adapted to new conditions of use. It should be noted that the result of the article is the methodological apparatus for finding exactly the integral estimate. Finding performance assessments for the group use of UAVs, as well as taking into account possible countermeasures, is beyond the scope of this article and is a direction of further research on this topic.
  • Keywords: complexes with UAV, integrated assessment of effectiveness, local targets, probability of solution, radio communication, remote monitoring, optical-electronic system, digital aerophotocamera high-resolution, radar system, design parameters.
 
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